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supper是什么意思?supper与dinner区别

2020-02-01 6719 返回列表
supper是什么意思

英 [ˈsʌpə(r)] 美 [ˈsʌpɚ]

n.
晚饭,晚餐;夜点心;晚餐会;

变形
复数:suppers

双语释义
n.(名词)
[u] [c] 晚饭,晚餐 last meal of the day, usually less large and less formal than dinner
英英释义
supper
n.
a light evening meal; served in early evening if dinner is at midday or served late in the evening at bedtime
a social gathering where a light evening meal is served
"her suppers often included celebrities"

supper与dinner区别

dinner 指一天中的正餐(main meal),即晚餐。是比较正式的晚宴或晚饭的意思。提到“正餐”,之前国内很多人认为dinner指午餐,supper指晚餐,其实是不准确且过时的。

supper 指晚餐而非正餐,一般指临睡前吃的“夜宵”,餐量少且非正式。在苏格兰地区,supper指普通百姓比较简单、比较晚的一餐。此外,supper还固定用来指圣经中耶稣受难前的最后一次晚餐——lord's supper, the last supper.

例句:

1. his wife made some pumpkin pies

    for supper.

    他妻子做了一些南瓜馅饼作晚餐。

2. the remains of the supper were taken 

    away.

    晚餐吃剩的东西被收去了。

3. it is now his turn to set me up to a nice 

    dinner.

    现在轮到他请我吃一顿丰盛的晚餐了。

4. because my husband has gone to a 

    stag dinner, i have to stay at home alone.

    因为我丈夫去参加一个只许男人参加的

    宴会,我只好独自待在家里。

dinner和supper常见的错误用法

1. dinner

我们邀请他来吃饭好吗?

错误 shall we ask him to the dinner?

正确 shall we ask him to dinner?

分析:to dinner是固定用法,不能加定冠词the。像这样的短语还有at dinner, before dinner, after dinner等。

2. supper

昨天我吃了一顿很棒的晚饭。

错误 i had wonderful supper yesterday.

正确 i had a wonderful supper yesterday.

分析:supper作“晚饭”解泛指一顿饭的名称时,前面通常不加冠词; 但当有定语修饰时,前面通常加不定冠词a。

综上所述:

supper 专指晚饭(简餐)、晚餐会,也可以指宵夜

dinner 指正餐,多用于晚餐(较正式),宴会、主餐、筵席、款待等。


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